The advances in technology will point humans to Mars sooner. Internet of things, 5G, artificial intelligence, automated driving, etc and on, probably no one is capable to list every one of the technologies that are emerging. The complexity in the technological world is wonderful and bewildering, and challenging to grasp. Yet, they, engineers, and technicians just need to target their particular portion with the work. The complex robots are comprised of smaller functional units that are manageable with the respective professionals. They are guided by scientific texts along with the minds. Despite the complexity of technologies, they will finally be traced for the simple origin in scientific texts.
Wikipedia defines technology as “Technology is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and procedures used in producing goods or services or accomplishment of objectives, like scientific investigation.” In the bing.com search, technology is defined as “the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, specifically in industry.” The definitions are broad, seemingly to include all useful methods for humans achieving something. Indeed, technology is itself a broad term with many valid definitions. Both definitions are correct in this they describe facts. But they don’t explain the meaning from the terms like “techniques”, “application” and “scientific knowledge”, that happen to be vague terms and could involve all the things inside the universe.
Since we defined science in terms of texts inside the paper “a new definition of science – the textual foundation that represents the real world”, technology should even be defined when it comes to texts due to the scientific nature. Science and technology are closely related and inseparable within the modern world.
- Scientific texts – the core of technology
We consider texts because core of science, which will also be inside the core of technology due towards the essentially same nature of science and technology. Now we are not repeating the textual nature of science/technology, interested readers can talk about our article “language – the core of science”.
Science is capable to represent everything, including human behavior. Not only natural phenomena are represented and accumulated, so can be human activities. The procedures, methods, specifics of making achievement are recorded in texts, that happen to be then established as representations. With the textual representations, human activities are organized, classified, and building upon existing known technologies.
Characteristics of technology
Usually, technology is viewed from your angle of its relation to the societies, including its relations with culture, its practical use, its relation while using economy, politics, etc. These tend to be more of its manifests than its essence. They are of non-textual nature or dedicated to non-texts. Attributing the functions of technology on the various elements of societies not simply complicates the situation, bringing about endless interactions but also switch people’s intentions from technology’s true nature.
Facing the complexity, variations with the ubiquitous and ever-changing technologies, we have to think deeply into the options common to all technologies, which texts possess. Represented by texts, technology gets its essential features common to all technologies.
Methods, skills, materials, procedures, principles, etc, all must be documented for understanding, learning, communication, and recording purposes. User manuals, technical specifications are usually the first stuff required by customers and engineers, either during product shipment or during developing the site stages. Technical documents even describe a product more accurately compared to the product’s actual operations. Despite the complex operations, deviation in operating conditions and by different individuals, abundant materials, changing personnel, documents are relatively stable, simple, accurate, reliable, and explanatory.
Again, it must be emphasized that scientific texts take effect in your mind. The technical documents should take effect in mind and do not equate on the technological texts in mind.
- Differences between science and technology
It is required to discover the differences between science and technology. Although they have the essential cores, their appearances and emphases will vary to take into account various aspects of the human world.
Science and technology have similar branches and knowledge. The main difference between technology and science is their goal and objective. Science’s purpose is usually to observe and explain, while technology is aimed at taking action and making changes. Their direction is opposite together. Science is more of observation, while technology emphasizes action. The same texts can be considered as science or technology with respect to the objective and usage. For example, regulations to move is itself a science, nonetheless it becomes technology when being helpful to make and operate machinery.
Technology is tightly associated using the man-made world. Human activities have changed our planet’s appearance and in what way people live. These will be the direct result of technologies, though it also can the people applied science to accomplish these. By intuition, science is really a deeper and basic level of knowledge, while technology is more associated with direct applications. Science is commonly fundamental while technology is commonly detailed. But texts play a likewise central role of their formations.
Nowadays, information spreads instantly; products are transported speedily. People increasingly lived in environments flanked by machine-manufactured products and constructions. It became easier for folks to accomplish their goals by using existing knowledge and tools. On the other hand, many curiosities can be answered by entering questions into search engines like yahoo, in seconds. It seems everyone possesses enough knowledge. All one needs would be to take action. As a result, more and more people became action-oriented, the phrase “technology” is starting to become more popular compared to term “science”.
- The text-based concise explaination technology
Regarding the main nature of and differences between science, now you can expect a new concept of technology as:
The scientific texts that guide human activity.
This definition contains two points:
First, technology is scientific texts.
Second, these texts are engaged as guidance.
Our definition doesn’t try to invalidate current definitions. Instead, we view from the different angle, concentrating on a deeper level, situating around the text-centered model of the world.
Usability of technology
Usually, human activities are purpose-oriented. Hence, technology normally has practical applications. But the extent of application varies determined by specific technologies. Also, a technology useful on one occasion and some people may not be useful on another occasion and for people. The activities might be beneficial or detrimental to society.
Possible extension in the definition
Animals and machines might employ technology inside the future and in all likelihood currently, like AI. In those cases, scientific texts exert their effect ultimately via human activities, but via animals or machines. Their usage of technology is imitations of human intelligence, without essential differences. The definition could be expanded to all or any human and non-human activities which are guided by scientific texts.
Unifying the non-textual technology with textual technology
People might argue illiterate societies and in many cases animals possess some kind of technology, while not so advanced because the modern form. Without commencing deep confusion with endless, some are ambiguous, examples, we give attention to principles. Sequentiality, clarity, and representation of reality include the three defining features of science. Modern, true-sense technology also possesses these functions. In essence, the technologies in illiterate societies also came from the sequential minds with scientific properties in primitive form, which manipulate non-texts rather than texts, inside a less efficient/effective manner. Scientific texts truly demonstrate those properties, facilitate visual processing, and earn progress inside capability of human minds.
- A text-centered type of science and technology
We is now able to propose a text-centered label of technology and science that starts from investigative observations, which derive scientific/technological texts, which often lead to actions through proper application. That would be to say, science and technology are integrated in the texts. If the purpose is in the non-text to text direction, focusing on deriving theories, these texts tend to be about science. If the purpose is within the text to non-text direction, concentrating on doing it, these texts tend to be about technology. The actions affect the environment, which becomes a brand new subject of observation, leading towards the derivation of new scientific/technological texts. In this way, scientific and technological activities form endless iterations, surrounding texts inside the center.
By this new definition, the type of technology is created known. The relation between technology and science is scheduled and integrated in to the texts. The complexity of understanding technology is reduced. A new basis is provided for future discussion individuals technological world.
By defining technology in terms of text, the scientific strengths of numerous writing systems will likely determine their technological strengths.